DO YOU KNOW?
Do you one of Chinese festival that just happenned on 25 June 2020?
端午節 / Duan Wu Jie or in other language commonly called the Twan Yang Festival (Peh Cun, Bak Cang) falls on the 5th of the 5th month of the Chinese lunar calendar. Twan Which has a meaning, namely ‘Twan’ which means straight, prominent, bright, which is the principal or source and ‘Yang’ means the positive nature or the sun.
On this day, Chinese people usually eat a special food called 粽子 (Zong Zi), or in some area who speaks Hokkien, famous with ‘Bakcang’
Duan Wu Festival in the West is known as the Dragon Boat Festival or the Dumpling Festival. It can also be called the Fifth Double Festival because it is held on the 5th day of the 5th lunar Chinese calendar. Sometimes it is also called the Extreme Festival, because according to Chinese metaphysics, Bakcang Day is the day when energy comes out the most. Other names for Duan Wu Festival are the Fifth Month Festival, Fifth Day Festival, Summer Festival, and Bakcang Festival.
WHY ITS FAMOUS?
However, the most popular on Bakcang Day is that day is closely related to a historical figure named Qu Yuan (340 BC – 278 BC) who was a Patriotic scholar and minister in the country of Chu. Qu Yuan is liked because he was good at diplomatic cooperation with other kingdoms in order to fight the state of Qin.
Until one day, he was slandered and exiled after other corrupt ministers convinced the king to believe in the false accusations that befell Qu Yuan. After Qu Yuan heard that the Qin army invaded Ying (the capital of Chu), he wrote a poem for Lamentations for Ying, then he drowned himself in the Miluo River.
The suicide ritual was carried out to protest the corruption that led to the fall of the Chu state. According to the story, the villagers tried to find his body in the river using a boat. They paddled the boat while beating drums to frighten fish and evil spirits so as not to disturb Qu Yuan’s body. They also threw packets of rice into the river to feed the fish so that the fish did not eat the body of Qu Yuan. The toss of the rice wrap was also intended as an offering to the spirit of Qu Yuan.
THINGS TO DO IN THIS FESTIVAL
1. DRAGON BOAT RACE
This was done so that they get protection from dragons on the 5th day of the 5th lunar calendar of China. The boat that used in the festival is a very long boat, narrow, and driven by human labor. The boat is usually decorated with the head and tail of a dragon. Participants are required to carry a large drum in their boat.
2. EGG STAND
You know how hard it is to make an egg stand? Old people says, only one day in a year where eggs can stand at exactly 12 noon when the sun emits the strongest light. The gravitational force on that day is the weakest, so the egg can stand. But there is some requirement need to be filled, such as the eggs are not washed, eggs must not be put in the refrigerator, and not boiled.
3. HANGING 艾草 (AI GRASS) AND 菖埔 (CHANGPU)
This festival which falls in summer is usually considered to be a month of many diseases, so lot of houses usually do the cleaning, then hang 艾草 (AI GRASS) AND 菖埔 (CHANGPU) in front of their house to ward off and prevent illness. This festival is also closely related to the tradition of maintaining health in the Chinese community.
4. EAT 粽子 (Zong Zi)
Not only full of historical values, this form of confectionary which has four angles holds a philosophical meaning. The first corner means 知足 (Zhi Zu). It means to feel enough with what we have. It can also mean that people should not be greedy. The second angle is 感恩 (Gan en). It means to be grateful. People must not be jealous of anything that is owned by other. While the third angle means 善解 (Shan Jie). It means to be good at understanding others. People must not judge each other and has to see from other good side. The last corner is 包容 (Bao Rong), which means to show tolerance. This is intended so that humans are able to forgive and give love for others.
As this festival date is using Chinese Lunar calender, the celebration each year might have a different date with the calender we use Internationally.
Hope we can participate in this celebration! Welcome to China!